According to a recent survey, 53% of women and 20% of men have experienced harassment at work with one in ten women reporting unwanted sexual touching. It is evident that the issue of workplace harassment is widespread and although it is tempting to think “this can’t be happening in my organisation”, the statistics reported would beg to differ. The law around harassment hasn’t changed, and it is still contained within the Equality Act 2010. The biggest difference in recent years however, is the climate. More and more victims of sexual harassment are now coming forward to report on their experiences, which has been highlighted by the #metoo movement.
Who can be held liable for sexual harassment at work?
When it comes to liability, many people do not realise which parties may be held responsible in a successful harassment claim. It is possible that if harassment has occurred in the workplace, the harasser, the manager, and the company can all be individually liable for the harassment - and the compensation to be paid to the claimant. In some cases, liability for damages may be spread evenly between all three parties. For sexual harassment the amount tends to range from approximately £900 to £44,000. However, there is no maximum limit on the damages that can be awarded as it is calculated in the same way as a claim for discrimination, which is unlimited.
When does an employer become liable for sexual harassment?
An employer becomes liable for an employee’s acts of discrimination during the course of employment if the acts occur at work, or with a sufficiently close connection to work. The employer is not relieved of liability if the act in question was unauthorised or expressly forbidden. If it is reasonable for the employer to have known that harassment was happening and did not take the appropriate action to address the issue, then all involved parties could become liable for the harassment claim.
Statutory Defence against sexual harassment claims
So how can you ensure that your organisation protects itself against these claims? By following some crucial steps employers can establish ‘Statutory Defence’ against harassment claims, provided that they are in place before any acts of harassment have occurred. If an organisation passes the test to satisfy the courts that they have followed these steps, they will be completely free of liability.
To fulfil the requirements:
- The organisation must have an effective policy in place to cover harassment. However, the mere existence of a policy is not sufficient., It must be reviewed regularly and outline what behaviour is and is not acceptable.
- Employees must be aware of the policy or policies that encompass harassment and where they can view this information.
- People managers must be trained on how to recognise unacceptable behaviour, and how to correctly deal with harassment within their teams. This training should be refreshed on a regular basis and must capture all new managers when they begin their management role.
- Any complaints of sexual harassment must be dealt with effectively by thoroughly investigating the incident and taking the appropriate disciplinary action.
As always, organisations should be able to evidence that these actions have been taken. Therefore, it is crucial to keep training records, written communication and notes of any disciplinary related meetings.
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